Researchers have identified some common psychological traits in elderly adults that are linked to raised mental well-being.
Scientists found that these psychological traits were common during a group of elderly adults from Italy, which these adults had better mental well-being than younger members of their family.
The researchers recently reported their leads to the journal International Psychogeriatrics.
The number of adults living to the age of 65 and over is now above ever, and it continues to grow. consistent with the Population Reference Bureau, there are around 46 million adults aged 65 and older within the us, and this number is predicted to quite double by 2060, to over 98 million.
So, why are we living longer? Well, consistent with Dr. Jeste and colleagues, most studies that have investigated the explanations behind humans’ increasing lifespan have focused on genetics — more specifically, how certain genes might protect us against age-related disease and increase longevity.
In other words, are there certain psychological attributes that would help us live to a ripe old age?
The study also included the younger relations of every of those adults, who were between the ages of 51 and 75 years.
For the study, all adults were interviewed by a psychologist, who asked them about their personalities and life histories, including their culture, traditions, and experiences of grief and trauma. Younger adults were also asked to supply their views on “the personality traits of their older relatives.”
The physical and psychological state of every participant were assessed employing a sort of questionnaires, including the Perceived Stress Scale and therefore the nine-item Patient Health Questionnaire.
Elderly adults had better psychological state
While the elderly adults had poorer physical health than their younger relations , the team found that that they had better psychological state .
Interestingly, they identified some common characteristics related to better mental well-being within the elderly adults. These included positivity, an honest work ethic, a robust bond with their family, and powerful connections with religion and their land.
“The group’s love of their land,” explains first study author Anna Scelzo, from the Department of psychological state and drug abuse in Italy, “is a standard theme and provides them a purpose in life. Most of them are still working in their homes and on the land. They think, ‘This is my life and i am not getting to provides it up.'”
The researchers note that self-confidence, strong decision-making skills, and stubbornness were other common traits among elderly adults.
“We also found that this group attended be domineering, stubborn, and needed a way of control, which may be a desirable trait as they’re faithful their convictions and care less about what others think,” says Scelzo. “This tendency to regulate the environment suggests notable grit that’s balanced by a requirement to adapt to changing circumstances.”
The team now plans to watch these elderly adults over longer periods and look for biological markers of psychological and physical health.